He organized a presidential election in 1998 and canceled “in the interests of national security” when he was losing. He was ousted from power in 1985 and went into exile in Egypt until he was allowed to return in 1999. External debt was reduced from $36 billion in 1993 to $27 billion by 1997; inflation rate went down from the 54% he inherited to 8.5% between 1993 and 1998, and global oil price was priced at an average of $15 per barrel.’. Ahmed Sékou Touré was elected as the first President of Guinea in 1958, a position he held until to his death in 1984. General Siad Barre’s exit left Somalia without a central authority, and this resulted in a civil war that left the country without a leader for over two decades. Lows: The United Nations estimates Unemployment in Zimbabwe to be as high as 80%,  the economy of Zimbabwe is in ruins, and life expectancy for both male and females is a little above 50 years. Highs: Cameroon has enjoyed peace and stability for the past 30 years. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Toure like many other dictators in Africa, survived several assignation attempts and coups while he was in power, he died of heart failure in 1984. It described Deby’s decision to buy weapons with the funds supposedly intended to counter famine as “what may turn out to be the single most piggish use of philanthropic funds.”. The graft and corruption available to autocrats is a strong incentive for them to stay in power. It is estimated that close to 500,000 people were killed by Amin’s regime. Lows: His indiscriminate borrowing left the Sudanese economy in ruins, the Sudanese currency lost almost 90% of its value against the major international currencies. Some of these dictators were notorious leaders, and some have led their country towards economic prosperity while others started on the right path and lost their way. His era (1971-1979) was full of “human butchering”. Though not as brutal as some other dictators, he managed to do some of the weirdest crimes out there. Yahya Jammeh took power in a bloodless military coup in 1994. issenting citizens is an affront to democracy. Coup d’Etats, violence characterize leadership in Africa, and dictatorship and some scholars have argued that democracy is not an African ideology. Historically, leadership in Africa was based on conquest and monarchy and then colonialism. Gnassingbé Eyadema remains one of Africa’s longest-serving dictator. Toure ruled Guinea as a ruthless dictator with no tolerance for opposition. Idi Amin Dada. Hissene Habre seized power in 1982 from Goukouni Oueddei, who had just been elected President, he lost power to his former military commander officer Idriss Deby in December 1990. Bad government caused by the ignorance of democracy has left Africa tottering on the edge of instability for decades. Omar Al-bashir is a more recent case of dictators. As of today, there are 50 dictatorships in the world (19 in Sub-Saharan Africa, 12 in the Middle East and North Africa, 8 in Asia-Pacific, 7 in Eurasia, 3 in Americas and 1 in Europe). He was brutal and apparently deranged, and he is one of the worst dictators in modern African history. Regardless of how they came into power, these people are regarded as … Lows: Kagame’s regime been marked by accusations of human right abuse, oppression of political opponents and the press. Lows: Hissene Habre’s government carried out a frightening 40,000 politically motivated murders, and there are documented cases of at least 200,000 tortures in Habre’s brutal eight-year rule of Niger. Lows: Eyadema is the pioneer of Africa’s first military coup d’etat, an act that soon became the political trend in Africa. Gaddafi provided access to free healthcare, safe houses, food and clean drinking water, free education to university level which led to the dramatic rise in literacy rates. The leaders are holding back the continent because of greed and hunger for staying in power. Amin was deposed by Obote forces with the help of Tanzanian forces in 1978, after he attempted to annex the Kagera Region in Tanzania. International observers and human rights groups estimate the death toll of his regime to be around 500,000. He rules with his authoritarian fist that lets him essentially push any policies that he deems necessary. The exact details of the dictator’s death in the presidential palace in 1998 remains unclear, but it was met by wide celebration and soon after Nigeria returned to a democratic path. 70% of the population of Angola, lives on less than $2 a day and yet the Dos Santos family have amassed a massive sum of personal wealth with Angola’s oil proceeds. These cookies do not store any personal information. The African continent has come quite a long way with regard to espousing democracy, yet it still has to overcome numerous hurdles as it endeavors to rewrite its history. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Dictatorship is a political system that almost always involves tyranny because it is directed by one man or sometimes a small group who hold all the powers: judicial, legislative and executive. Let’s face it; African leaders can do better. Lows: Strong allegations of corruption, misuse, and diversion of public funds for personal gain, human rights abuses, and political oppression. Macias Nguema was the son of a witch doctor. Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the current President of Zimbabwe and one of the oldest dictators in Africa. This was first known as the "Ditadura Militar" (Military Dictatorship) and then, from 1928, as the " Ditadura Nacional " (National Dictatorship). Foreign exchange reserves rose from $494 million in 1993 to $9.6 billion by the middle of 1997. He was born some time in the mid 1920’s in Koboko Uganda and died in August 18 2003. President Zuma failed short of condemning Lungu and Mugabe for their brutality and violence against their citizens. Attachments. Lows: Toure banned all opposition parties and declared his party the only legal party in the country. Dictatorship. It is believed that his family still holds a significant amount of these ill-gotten gains. Thread starter Retired; Start date May 23, 2017; R. Retired JF-Expert Member. Home » List of » Top 20 Dictators in Africa. but in the meantime  South Africa President Jacob Zuma took time to explain the meaning of democracy to African dictators which included Edgar Lungu and Robert Mugabe at the Economic Forum in Durban, South Africa. He reiterated that protests are part of tenets of democracy. Jammeh got re-elected as the 2016 general elections to Adama Barrow, and surprisingly, he conceded defeat. Highs: Kagame has led Rwanda towards the path of economic prosperity, his government has been described by the UN and several international leaders as the model of good governance in Africa. Genetics lab C.elegan worms. Dictatorship In Africa Corruption In The Third World Dictator is defined by dictionary.com as "a person exercising absolute power, especially a ruler who has absolute, unrestricted control in a government without hereditary succession." Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the current President of Zimbabwe and one of the oldest dictators in Africa. Lows: His reign left Malawi as one of the World’s poorest country. Gaafar Nimeiry came to power in a 1969 coup that put an end to five years of corrupt civilian rule. Here are the top five most ruthless African dictators that ever lived. Dictatorship in Africa. Sanni Abacha has been described by political pundits as “the most brutal dictator of the west African powerhouse”. This paper investigates how democracy and dictatorship affect economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, and whether the effect from democracy on growth depends on level of state capacity. Biya has many critics for his lack of public appearances, but Biya wields his sweeping powers like a tyrant. Lows: He led oil-rich Libya as an absolute dictator, for close to 42 years, he quashed anyone that opposed him, and was responsible for the death of thousands of his people. Highs: Abacha’s regime was a massive economic success for Nigeria. Idi Amin seized power in the military coup of January 1971, sacking Milton Obote. Lows: Strong allegations of corruption, misuse, and diversion of public funds for personal gain, human rights abuses, and political oppression. Lows: Paul Biya has kept himself in power by organizing sham elections and paying international observers to certify them free of irregularities, the top African leader, and dictator who has been accused of constant human right abuse, was ranked 19th in Parade Magazine’s Top 20 list of “The World’s Worst Dictators.”. Highs: Equatorial Guinea’s has emerged as a significant oil producer under Obiang. Lows: General Siad Barre’s regime, like many dictators in Africa, was marked by human right abuses, The UN Development program asserts “the regime of Siad Barre had one of the worst human rights records in Africa.”. ... politics and governance is reshaping the nature of political engagement both globally and in Africa. He was also responsible for 5 billion dollars in stolen funds. In Mugabe’s words he has referred to lesbians and gays as being “worse than dogs and pigs”. He remains one of the most brutal dictators in Africa till date. In Africa, some countries have summers or are still run by men with evocative names like Kaddafi in Libya, and Mobutu in Congo ex Zaire. Toure ruled Guinea as a ruthless dictator with no tolerance for opposition. Only to reject the results few weeks after, he finally left Gambia on exile to Equatorial Guinea after sustained pressure by the African Union, Ecowas, and UN. Though his worst crimes are wielding his authoritarian power to strip white people of their wealth and property. Politics was always in Biya’s blood, and he has managed to be president for several terms, he has been the President of Cameroon since 6 November 1982. Eritrian Isayas Aforki to be on this list 29 years. Sekou Toure was only to be president of Guinea for four years. Bodies were often dumped in to River Nile to be washed away, and most of these victims were supporters of exiled President Obote and members of the Acholi and Lango ethnic groups. Highs: Under Gaddafi, Libya became the first developing country to own a majority share of the revenues from its oil production. Military Dictatorship in Africa Military Dictatorship a form of government where the political power resides with the military. There is enough money available to share with the security forces who will resist any political change with violence. Sudanese President, Omar al-Bashir has been the leader of Sudan since 1989 when he took power in a military coup. Lows: General Siad Barre’s regime, like many dictators in Africa, was marked by human right abuses, The UN Development program asserts “the regime of Siad Barre had one of the worst human rights records in Africa.”. He consolidated power in a 1983–1984 power struggle with his predecessor and he remains a powerhouse in Africa and the president of Cameroon till date. Idi Amin fled Uganda in the heat of the Uganda-Tanzania war and went into exile in Libya and then Saudi Arabia where he lived until his death on 16 August 2003. Use the H-augmented Solow model to determine the a) Is this question part of your Assignment? One in three children under five died of starvation, he regularly tortured and murdered political opponents. President Obiang is one of the oldest and longest-serving dictators in Africa. Embezzlement, misuse of public funds, suppressing political opponents are some of the sins of one of Africa’s longest-serving dictators. Most recently, in April, Algeria's Abdelaziz Bouteflika and Sudan's Omar Hassan al-Bashir were forced to step down. He died in may, 2009 at the age 79. Omar al-Bashir is the recently deposed Sudanese leader who was in power from 1989 until this year. Ahmed Sékou Touré was elected as the first President of Guinea in 1958, a position he held until to his death in 1984. Idi Amin Dada, Uganda’s brutal dictator of the 70s. Some scholars have argued this is because, Democracy is not an African ideology. Highs: He signed the Addis Ababa Agreement, which ended the First Sudanese Civil War and brought a decade of peace and stability to the region. Ironically, the Apartheid dictatorship is an advocate for Olympic sports and animal rights in Africa. He also served as the Chairperson of the African Union from 31 January 2011 to 29 January 2012. He declared his government to be above the law and he essentially did whatever he wanted. Amin’s eight-year regime was characterized by serious human rights abuses, including extrajudicial killings, torture, ethnic persecution, political repression, and corruption. Lows: His reign left Malawi as one of the World’s poorest country. He passed away in January 1995, in exile in Lagos Nigeria. Idi Amin Dada (Uganda: 1971-1979) Amin was conceived either in Koboko or Kampala to a Kakwa father and Lugbara mother. He declared Guinea a one party state. He organized a presidential election in 1998 and canceled “in the interests of national security” when he was losing. Posted by africancurators on February 1, 2017. Gaddafi seized power in a bloodless military coup in 1969. Lows: State-operated radio declared President Obiang “the country’s god” with “all power over men and things,” and thereby he “can decide to kill without anyone calling him to account and without going to hell.” Unlawful killings, government-sanctioned kidnappings; torture of prisoners by security forces, and even accusations of cannibalism has trailed President Obiang’s regime. Forbes estimates his wealth to be around $600 million; he has used an oil boom to enrich his family at the expense of the citizens of Equatorial Guinea. On January 6, 1929 he abolished the constitution, prorogued parliament and established the so-called "January 6 Dictatorship." In December 1990, Idriss Deby and his Patriotic Salvation Movement, an insurgent group, backed by Libya and Sudan sacked the incumbent government, and Déby became the President of Chad. He rose to power through his guerrilla movement that ended the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. Highs: The Angolan economy has grown to become the third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa, after South Africa and Nigeria. In May 2016, he was convicted of crimes against humanity. Tunisia for 23 years before stepping down in January 2011, he finally left Gambia in exile to Equatorial Guinea, slit the throats of any homosexual in Gambia, Top 20 list of “The World’s Worst Dictators, step down and end his dictatorship over Angola, third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa, met his end during the Libyan revolution in 2011, seized power in the military coup in January 1971, 50 Top Universities in Africa and their Notable Alumni, The Richest Black Women in the World (Nigerian, American & Angolan), President Till Date: 10 Longest Serving African Presidents. Nguema was the first president of Guinea. He will always be remembered for the 1995 killing of the political and environmental activist, Ken Saro Wiwa. Paul Biya has been the President of Cameroon since 6 November 1982. Dictatorship in Africa. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Lows: Deby has used oil proceeds and funds that could have been used to develop Chad to purchase weapons and strengthen his Army. This man committed some unbelievable brutality that only modern-day Mexican drug cartels would touch, It is believed that at least 300,000 people were killed during his regime. Lows: Eyadema is the pioneer of Africa’s first military coup d’etat, an act that soon became the political trend in Africa. In Africa there have been cases of unconstitutional seizures of power, or leaders have stayed in office despite a lack of electoral support, there has been at best some form of SADC mediation, but not the threat of military intervention. Such programs have been most successful in regards to pro-poor poverty reduction. Historically, leadership in Africa was based on conquest and monarchy. These dictators represent the worst moments in post-colonial African history. Digital dictatorship versus digital democracy in Africa. Charles’s full name is Charles McArthur Ghankay Taylor and he was the 22nd president of Liberia. The local currency has been retired and replaced with the US dollar and South African rand, and this has led to the near collapse of the manufacturing industry in Zimbabwe. The main examples of fascist dictatorship include: The Nazi Germany of Adolf Hitler. Alexander I: Yugoslavia: 1929–1934 : King of Yugoslavia from 1921. Highs: He was fought against colonialism and led of Nyasaland (now Malawi) to independence as Malawi in 1964. The World refuses to recognize South African puppet "Republic of Transkei". Mugabe has committed many crimes against human rights according to news sources. He was also ranked 19th in Parade Magazine’s Top 20 list of “The World’s Worst Dictators”. Though not the worst of the worst, Biya is one of the best known examples of authoritarianism. He managed to rule it for three decades from 1958-1984. Human rights groups estimate that at least 6,000 people were killed, tortured and jailed without trial under Banda. Other dictators in Africa that have enjoyed the support of France include Mobutu Sese Seko, Idriss Déby, Blaise Compaoré and Jean-Bédel Bokassa. Highs: Abacha’s regime was a massive economic success for Nigeria. He ruled his nation with impunity. Barre died in political exile in 1995, but was returned to Somalia for burial in his home region. Siad Barre Quotes: Exiled Absolute Leader of Somalia. He was brutal and apparently deranged, and he is one of the worst dictators in modern African history. Highs: Zimbabwe boasts of one of the most impressive education systems in Africa. He rose to power through his guerrilla movement that ended the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. The concept of digital dictatorship is especially relevant on a continent where democracy is in its relatively early stages. The charismatic leader of Libya and one of the greatest dictators in African history met his end during the Libyan revolution in 2011 after rebels in Sirte, his city of birth, killed him. Robert Gabriel Mugabe is a man who needs no introduction. Top 20 Dictators in Africa. Jose Eduardo Dos Santos, the father of Africa’s richest woman Isabel Dos Santos, is Africa’s second longest-serving head of state, behind Equatorial Guinea’s Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. After the United Kingdom broke off all diplomatic relations with his regime in 1977, Amin declared he had defeated the British and conferred on himself this full title: “His Excellency, President for Life, Field Marshal Al Hadji Doctor Idi Amin Dada, VC, DSO, MC, Lord of All the Beasts of the Earth and Fishes of the Seas and Conqueror of the British Empire in Africa in General and Uganda in Particular”. Lows: The International Criminal Court wants Omar al-Bashir for genocide, war crimes, murder, rape, torture, and other crimes against humanity for his crimes in Darfur. Years in power: 28 years +. Banda, one of Africa’s greatest dictator, he led Malawi from 1961 till 1994. Hissene Habre seized power in 1982 from Goukouni Oueddei, who had just been elected President, he lost power to his former military commander officer Idriss Deby in December 1990. The regime of most of these African dictators was marked by horror, terror, chaos, and bloodshed. The term dictatorship comes from the Latin title dictator, which in the Roman Republic designated a temporary magistrate who was granted extraordinary powers in order to deal with … “Tyrants, the World’s 20 Worst Living Dictators”, by David Wallechinsky, ranked Biya together with three others mainly in sub-Saharan Africa: Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea, and King Mswati of Swaziland. Dictators have now become part of African … Though he attempted a lot of good, Barre committed a significant amount of human rights violations such as jailing dissidents. My Opinion on African dictators by Winston Manjengwa. ― Idowu Koyenikan. It described Deby’s decision to buy weapons with the funds supposedly intended to counter famine as “what may turn out to be the single most piggish use of philanthropic funds.”. Get expert help At Best Academic Writer, we have a knowledgeable The exact details of the dictator’s death in the presidential palace in 1998 remains unclear, but it was met by wide celebration and soon after Nigeria returned to a democratic path. Al-Bashir is one of the most brutal dictators in Africa and despite ICC’s warrant against him; he remains the president of Sudan. These 10 dictatorship countries have taken strides in increasing access to education, healthcare and economic growth. Ever seen that 1981 movie titled “Rise and Fall of Idi Amin” or 1976 “Raid on Entebee”? And there have been a number of other cases of instability where a SADC force might well have played a role in bringing about legitimate governance, including Madagascar and Zimbabwe. Francisco Nguema was the first President of Equatorial Guinea; he ruled Equatorial Guinea before his nephew in 1979 overthrew him and sentenced to death by Firing squad for genocide and other crimes he committed. Siad Barre took power in a Coup d’état in 1969, and he ruled Somalia for over 20 years before he was overthrown in 1991. His influences came from countries such as China and Russia. For example, if you size up Zuma against a list of dictatorial attributes as set out by Harvard International Relations Professor Stephen Walt, the picture looks worrying. Lows: The United Nations estimates Unemployment in Zimbabwe to be as high as 80%, the economy of Zimbabwe is in ruins, and life expectancy for both male and females is a little above 50 years. This butcher left his mark on the world by using his infamous killer squads to murder his opponents and their families. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, Ex-President of Zimbabwe, and one of the oldest dictators in Africa was in power from 1980, when he was prime minister of Zimbabwe. Paul Biya’s regime has also overseen one of the strongest diplomatic relations in Africa. Highs: He signed the Addis Ababa Agreement, which ended the First Sudanese Civil War and brought a decade of peace and stability to the region. 1a. Among the many setbacks the continent has suffered over the years is the host of so called  African dictators club who continue to hold their citizenry ransom while ruthlessly clamping down on any opposing voices. Lows: He led oil-rich Libya as an absolute dictator, for close to 42 years, he quashed anyone that opposed him, and was responsible for the death of thousands of his people. Yahya Jammeh took power in a bloodless military coup in 1994. Lows: General Sani Abacha’s regime was characterized by massive looting and human right abuses such as the public hanging of political activist Ken Saro-Wiwa and jailing several political opponents. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Banda, one of Africa’s greatest dictator, he led Malawi from 1961 till 1994. The political outlook of some of these countries is improving, but there is still a lot of work needed to improve … Bakili Muluzi, his former political protégé, became president in 1994, after the general elections Banda had earlier postponed was conducted in 1994. Lows: His indiscriminate borrowing left the Sudanese economy in ruins, the Sudanese currency lost almost 90% of its value against the major international currencies. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. African Dictators. He has been in power since 1980 when he was prime minister of Zimbabwe before he consolidated his power to become president on 31st December 1987. In the first half of the 20th century, fascist dictatorships appeared in a variety of European countries consistent with the rise of communism, which are distinct from dictatorships in Latin America and postcolonial dictatorships in Africa and Asia. Some of his crimes include stalking his mistresses’ former lovers. Museveni have to be on this list 33 years of oppressing we Ugandans, You should look foward to impeach him sir. Dictatorial features range from fear-mongering and demonising the opposition to using state buying power to reward corporate backers and punish opponents (for more on Jacob Zuma’s dictatorial tendencies, read this analysis). He was accused of several cases of human right abuse and extrajudicial killings. The first nuclear reactor in SA is put into operation. Jul 22, 2016 25,185 2,000. During his early years, he successfully created model agricultural factories that boosted the country’s economy. Siad Barre took power in a Coup d’état in 1969, and he ruled Somalia for over 20 years before he was overthrown in 1991. During his early years, he successfully created model agricultural factories that boosted the country’s economy. Barre was also very well-known for using his power to remove all opposition or people who he just didn’t like. Toure who was one time leader of the Pan-Africanist movement consistently spoke out against colonial powers, he befriended African-American activists that includes the like of Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael, to whom he offered asylum. Though unconfirmed, rumours emanating from official circles has it that the senior military officer died in sexual bouts with Indian prostitutes. 16 Reasons Why You Should Visit South Africa For The Holidays, 7 Awesome things to do in Tofo, Mozambique, Facts about Thomas Sankara in Burkina Faso, 5 highest paid African football players in 2020, 19 Most Popular Africa Facts – November 2015, Richest Person In Kenya And Top 10 Wealthy Kenyans, Turkey is to completely erase all Somalia’s debts to the IMF, 10 trending Kaftan outfit ideas for grooms-to-be, 10 of Africa’s most amazing Tourist places you must visit, The 10 Best Africans In The English Premier League, Botswana police ranked Africa’s best, Nigeria at bottom of global report, Isabel dos Santos only African on Forbes 2017 ‘100 most powerful women’. Paul Biya. Paul Kagame became the President of Rwanda in the year 2000. As the forward operating base of U.S. Africa Command, Djibouti’s Camp Lemonnier is a friendly piece of real estate in the Horn of Africa, which includes Eritrea, Somalia, and Yemen. The local currency has been retired and replaced with the US dollar and South African rand, and this has led to the near collapse of the manufacturing industry in Zimbabwe. Prior to the early 1990s, big-man rule, military juntas and coups were commonplace in Africa. Highs: The Angolan economy has grown to become the third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa, after South Africa and Nigeria. Macias Nguema trusted no one, he spent most of his time in his ancestral village of Mongomo, where he kept the national treasury right under his bed or in suitcases in his hut, but on the 18th of August in 1979, he met his end by his own nephew who sentenced him to death. Highs: Under Gaddafi, Libya became the first developing country to own a majority share of the revenues from its oil production. Other crimes he committed were intellectual murder by killing the intellectuals of his country. Charles ruled for eight years from 1997-2003. Al-Bashir is one of the most brutal dictators in Africa and despite ICC’s warrant against him; he remains the president of Sudan. Many of his political opponents were executed in these camps. Of the three causes, the third presents the least problem. He remains one of the most brutal dictators in Africa till date. In 1946 he joined the King’s African Rifles (KAR) of the British Colonial Army. Forbes named Chad the world’s most corrupt nations in 2006. Lows: Kagame’s regime been marked by accusations of human right abuse, oppression of political opponents and the press. Paul hails from Cameroon and was born on February 13, 1933. Toure was another typical case of someone that was initially seen as the ‘Guinean Messiah’, but later became a pain to his people. – Kind of brings back some old memories, what about “The Last King of Scotland” (2006) that earned Forest Whitaker Academy awards best actor, these movies are based on the events of the brutal Ugandan dictator Idi Amin. Name is Charles McArthur Ghankay Taylor and he essentially did whatever he wanted even more confusing, a position held... Five years of oppressing we Ugandans, you should look foward to impeach him sir in 1998 and “. Trial under banda into operation settled until his death in 1984 his home.... For 23 years before stepping down in January 1971, sacking Milton Obote Uganda Protectorate, the exchange of... Stored in your browser only with your consent 6 feet 4 dictatorship in africa tall Ugandan boxing champion the. Emerged as a significant amount of human right abuse and extrajudicial killings to avoid death. 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